<School>
学校 (=gakkou) school
語学学校(=gogaku gakkou) language school
cf. 英会話スクール(=eikaiwa sukuuru) English school

専門学校 (=senmon gakkou) professional training/ career college
Ex. 私は、語学学校に通っています。(=Watashi wa gogaku gakkou ni kayotte imasu.)
I go to a language school.
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通う
(=kayou/kayouimasu)
= attend, commute back and forth= 通学(する)(=tsuugaku suru/shimasu) = go to school, to commute


保育園 (=hoikuen) nursery school

幼稚園 (=youchien) kindergarten

小学校 (=shougakkou) elementary school

中学校 (=chuugakkou) junior high school

高校 (=koukou) high school

大学 (=daigaku) university
短期大学 (=tanki daigaku) junior college, 2 year college
short form 短大 (=tandai)

4年制大学 (=yonensei daigaku) 4 year college, university
大学院 (=daigakuin) graduate school

<Degrees>
学位 (=gakui) diploma
学士 (=gakushi) bachelor
学士号 (=gakushi gou) bachelor degree
修士 (=shuushi) master
修士号 (=shuushi gou) master degree
修士号を取る (=shuushi gou wo toru.) to get a master degree
博士号 (=hakase gou) Doctor of Philosophy degree
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Note: Japanese education system:

義務教育(=gimu kyouiku) compulsory education :
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9 years (elementary and junior high school)

→• 6 years in elementary school (from age 6 to 12 years)
→• 3 years in junior high school (from age 13 to 15 years)
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• 3 years in high school (from age 16 to 18)
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• 2 years in junior college or
• 4 years in university
予備校 (=Yobikou) cram school for university
(=juku)(学習塾 =gakushuu juku)cram school
公立 (=kouritsu) public
Ex.公立高校 (=kouritsu koukou) public high school
私立 (=shiritsu/watakushiritsu) private

男女共学 (=danjo kyougaku) co-education
中高一貫教育 (=chuukou ikkan kyouiku) unified school programs(continuous study from junior high school to high school)
教育 (=kyoiku) education

語学教育 (=gogaku kyouiku) language education

幼児教育 (=youji kyouiku) child education
<Teacher>
先生 (=sensei) teacher
Note 1): We always address teachers with their name + 先生.
Ex. マギー先生(=maggie sensei) They never call teacher with さん(~san)like マギーさん (=Maggie san) “Miss Maggie”)
Also some other occupations could be called 先生 (=sensei) such as doctors, lawyers, politicians,novelists and artists, etc.
Note 2): If you are a techer, you are not supposed to address yourself to others ” 先生” because the word sensei has feeling of respect and we don’t use honorific expression for yourself. So you say or you write in a document 教師(=kyoushi) instead of 先生 for your occupation. But we do hear in daily conversation people addressing yourself 先生. (Ex. If you deal with children, you call yourself, your name+ 先生

担任(=tannin) teacher in charge/homeroom teacher
←担任の先生(=tannin no sensei) homeroom teacher
教授 (=kyouju) professor
助教授 (=jo kyouju) associate (assistant) professor

講師 (=koushi) an instructor

校長(先生)(=Kouchou (sensei)) principal

教頭(先生)(=Kyoutou (sensei)) vice principal

学長 (=gakuchou) president of the university

学部長 (=gakubuchou) dean
<Students>
学生 (=gakusei) student

生徒 (=seito) student
小学生 (=shougaku sei) elementary school student
中学生 (=chuugaku sei) junior high school student
高校生 (=koukou sei) high school student
大学生 (=daigaku sei) university student
大学院生(=daigakuin sei) graduate school student

予備校生 (=yobikou sei) preparatory school student
塾生 (=juku sei) cram school student

1年生 (=ichi nen sei) first year grade, first-year student, freshman

2年生 (=ni nen sei) second grader, second-year student, sophomore

Ex.「彼は高校2年生です。」(=kare wa koukou ni nen sei desu.) “He is a second-grader in high school.”
3年生(=san nen sei) third grader, third-year student, junior

4年生(=yo nen sei) fourth grader, fourth-year student, senior

留年(=ryuunen) to repeat a year (the same grade)

留年する(=ryuunen suru/shimasu)

浪人生(=rounin sei) a student who failed an entrance examination for university
浪人(=rounin) originally a samurai who doesn’t have their masters and wander around, now refers to students between high school and university — who are studying in order to pass university exams.
Ex. 彼の息子は浪人している。(=kare no musuko wa rounin shiteiru.)

一浪 (=ichi rou) first year after you failed2浪(=ni rou) 2nd years after you failed..

Ex.一浪する。(= ich rou suru/shimasu.)
クラスメート (=kurasu meeto) classmate

同級生 (=doukyuu sei) classmate

先輩 (=senpai) senior, It refers to an older grade student

後輩 (=kouhai) junior It refers to an younger grade student
Cultural note: Traditionally they have to show respect to older people in Japan. They have built this senpai-kouhai (superior-inferior, older-younger) relations in schools, companies and society in Japan. Sometimes it is very strict especially in sports clubs in schools. Kouhai (juniors) have to obey their senpai, seniors.
<To enter or graduate from a school>
入学 (=nyuugaku) entrance、enter a school

卒業 (=sotsugyou) graduate

Ex.マギーは「ワンワン小学校」をやっと卒業した。(=Maggie wa “Wanwan shougakkou” wo yatto sotsugyou shita.)
“Maggie finally graduated “bowwow elementary school.”

入学式 (=nyuugaku shiki) entrance ceremony

卒業式 (=sotsugyou shiki) graduation ceremony
Culture note :

In Japan, they sing as graduation songs, 「蛍の光」(=hotaru no hikari) (“Auld Lang Syne”,a Scottish folk song) or 「仰げば尊し 」(=Aogeba toutoshi, which shows gratitude and respect to your teachers.) in graduation ceremonies.

They also play 「蛍の光」(=hotaru no hikari) (“Auld Lang Syne” ) when they close department stores.
大学卒 (=daigaku sotsu) college graduate

高卒 (=kousotsu) high school graduate

彼女は高卒だ。(=Kanojo wa kousotsu da.) She is high school graduate.

中卒 (=chuusotsu) junior-high graduate

首席 (=shuseki) summa cum laude、top of the class

Ex. 首席で卒業する(=shuseki de sotsugyou suru/shimasu.) to graduate summa cum laude

Ex. 彼は〜大学を優秀な成績で卒業しました。(=Kare wa ~ daigaku wo yuushuu na seiseki de sotsugyou shimashita.)

He graduated ~ University with excellent grades.
<Classroom>

教室 (=kyoushitsu) classroom

黒板 (=kokuban) black board

ホワイトボード (=howaito boodo) white board

Ex.「ホワイトボードが光って見えません。」(=howaito boodo ga hikatte miemasen.)

(=tsukue) desk

椅子 (=isu) chair

ロッカー (=rokkaa) locker
クラス (=kurasu) class

レッスン (=ressun) lesson

<Subjects>
• 科目(=kamoku) <Subjects>
国語 (=kokugo) Japanese study

算数 (=sansuu) arithmetic

数学 (=suugaku) math

理科 (=rika) science

化学 (=kagaku) chemistry

科学 (=kagaku) science

社会科 (=shakaika) social studies

体育 (=taiiku) gymnastics
<University>
ゼミ (=zemi) seminar (Usually you have to make a group under a professor to study or research something in University.
専攻 (=senkou) major
Ex.「専攻は何ですか?」(=Senkou wa nan desu ka?) “What is your major?”
学部 (=gakubu) faculty, department
Ex. 文学部 (=bungakubu)faculty of letters
Ex. 医学部 (=igakubu)faculty of medicine
Ex. 法学部 (=hougakubu)faculty of law
Ex. 経営部 (=keieigakubu) faculty of business administration
文系 (=bunkei) humanities
理系 (=rikei) science course
Ex. 彼は理系だ。(=Kare wa rikei da) He is in the science ( and engineering) majors
<School events>
遠足 (=ensoku) excursion

修学旅行 (=shuugaku ryokou) school trip

運動会 (=undoukai) athletics meets, sports festival

体育祭(=taiku sai) athletics meets, sports festival

学芸会(=gakugeikai) school play

文化祭(=bunka sai) cultural festival

大学祭 (=daigaku sai)(学祭=gakusai)school festivals in university

研修旅行 (=kenshuu ryokou) study/research tour

父兄参観日 (=fukei sankan bi) the day when parents can observe the class.
給食 (=kyuushoku) school lunch (Mainly for elementary school.)

学食 (=gakushoku) school cafeteria
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Cultural note:

In Japanese schools (besides universities and cram schools), usually students stand up, bow and sit down beginning of the class all together for .

A student on a daily duty is called 日直(=Nicchoku) and he/she say the followings:
「起立」(=kiritsu) “All rise!”

「礼」(=rei) “Bow!”

「着席」(=chakuseki) “Sit down!”

Ex.着席して下さい。」(=Chakuseki shite kudasai.) “Please sit down!”

放課(=houka) break time

放課後(=houka go) after school

職員室(=shokuin shitsu) teachers’ room
チャイム(=chaimu) bell

Ex.チャイムが鳴る(=chaimu) ring the bell

(In many Japanese schools, when class starts or ends, you hear the bell.)
<Grades>
成績(=seiseki) grades

Ex.よい成績を取る(=yoi seiseki wo toru) to get a good grade

Ex.成績が悪い(=seiseki ga warui) bad grade

オール5(=ooru go) A+ (Note: 5 is the best grade in Japanese elementary school.)

A+ = エープラ (=ei purasu or ei pura)

<Exams>
•試験 (=shiken) exams

テスト (=tesuto) test

期末テスト (=kimatsu tesuto) end-of-term exam

中間テスト (=chuukan tesuto) mid-term exam

小テスト (=shou tesuto) quiz

抜き打ちテスト (=nukiuchi tesuto) pop quiz
追試 (=tsuishi) make-up exam

入学試験 (=nyuugaku shiken)(入試=nyuushi short form

卒業試験 (=sotugyou shiken) graduation exam
受験する (=juken suru/shimasu) to take an (entrance) exam.
受験勉強 (=juken benkyou) studying for entrance exam.

受験戦争 (=juken sensou) entrance exam war、 race
受験地獄 (=juken zikoku) examination hell
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Cultural note:

The competicion for entrance exams has been very severe in Japan. If you get in a good high school, there is more chance to get in a good university and get a good job in future. It has spreaded to even preschool ages. 「お受験」(=ojuken) is a word for those children who are forced to take an entrance exams for a good elementary school. There is a special school for those lower aged children to pass the exam and they teach social manners and specific knowledges to get in a good elementary schools.

合格 (=goukaku) to pass (the exam)

合格する (=goukaku suru/shimasu) to pass (the exam)

受かる (=ukaru) to pass

有名高校に受かった。(=Yuumei koukou ni ukatta.) “I have passed a famous high school.”
Also パスする (=pasu suru/shimasu) to pass
試験にパスする (=Shiken ni pass suru/shimasu.) to pass the exam.
不合格 (=fugoukaku) to fail

落ちる (=ochiru) to fail
Ex. 試験に落ちる (=shiken ni ochiru) to fail the exam.

単位(=tan-i) credit

Ex.単位を取る (=tan-i wo toru) to get courses credit

Ex.単位が足らない (=tan-i ga tarinai) not earn sufficient credits

Ex.単位を落とす (=tan-i wo otosu) to fail a class
<Assignment>
レポート (=repooto) report
作文 (=sakubun) composition
論文 (=ronbun) thesis
卒業論文 (=sotsugyou ronbun) graduation thesis
宿題 (=shukudai) homework

予習 (=yoshuu) prep

復習 (=fukushuu) review

研究 (=kenkyuu) study, research

研究する (=kenkyuu suru/shimasu) to study, to research
リサーチ (=resaachi) research
<Attendance>
出席する (=shusseki suru/shimasu) to attend

欠席する (=kesseki suru/shimasu) to be absent

ずる休み (=zuru yasumi) play hooky
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Useful sentences for teachers!


「さあ、今日のレッスンを始めましょう。」
=”Saa, kyou no ressun wo hajimemashou.”
= “OK, let’s start today’s lesson”

「それでは出席を取ります。」
=”Soredewa shusseki wo torimasu.
= “OK, I’ll have a roll call.”
「〜さんは今日は欠席ですか?」
=~san wa kyou wa kesseki desu ka?
(お休みですか?)
(=oyasumi desu ka?)
“Is ~ absent today?”
「プリントを配ります。」
=Purinto wo kubari masu.
= “I’ll pass out the handouts!”
「繰り返して言って下さい。」
=Kurikaeshite itte kudasai.
= “Please repeat!”

「後について言って下さい
=Ato ni tsuite itte kudasai.
= “Repeat after me!”

「〜は日本語(〜語)で何と言いますか?」
=~ wa nihongo (~ go) de nanto iimasu ka?
= “How do you say ~ in Japanese (other language)?”

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言語 (
=gengo) language(s)

~(~go) language

フランス語 (=furansu go) Frenchスペイン語 (=supein go) Spanish英語 (=eigo) English中国語 (=chuugoku go) Chinese韓国語 (=kankokugo) Koreanオランダ語=oranda go) Dutchドイツ語 (=doitsu go)German

「合っています。」
=Atte imasu.
= “It’s correct.”
「間違っています。」
=Machigatte imasu.
= “It’s not correct.”
「見て下さい。」
=Mite kudasai.
= ”Please look!”

「聞いて下さい。」
=Kiite kudasai.
= “Please listen!”

「言って下さい。」
=Itte kudasai.
= “Please say/speak”
「読んで下さい。」
=Yonde kudasai.
= “Please read!”

「しっかり勉強してきて下さい。」
=Shikkari (hard/well) benkyou shitekite kudasai.
= “Please study hard!”
「もう少し大きな声で言って下さい。」
=Mou sukoshi ookina koe de itte kudasai.
= “Please speak a bit louder.”

「はっきり発音して下さい。」
=Hakkiri (Plainly) hatsuon shite kudasai.”
= “Please pronounce clearly.” “Please enunciate!”

「必ず復習をして来て下さい。」
=Kanarazu (without exception) fukushuu (review) wo shitekite kudasai.
= “Please be sure to review!”

「宿題は34ページです。/34ページをやって来て下さい。」
=Shukudai wa sanjuu yon peiji wo yatte kite kudasai.
= Please study p.34 for homework.”

「何か質問はありますか?」(ありませんか?」)
=Nani ka shitsumon wa arimasuka?) (arimasenka?)
= “Do you have any questions?”

「先週のところで何か質問はありませんか?」
=Senshuu no tokoro de nanika shitsumon wa arimasenka?)
= “Do you have any questions about last week class?”

「これで終わります。」
=Kore de owari masu.)
= “Let’s finish here.”
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Useful phrases for students:

遅刻(=chikoku) to be late

Ex.「遅刻してすみません。」
=Chikoku shite sumimasen.
= “I am sorry I am late.”

早退(=soutai) to leave early

Ex.「今日は、早退させて下さい。」
= “Kyou wa soutai sasete kudasai.
= “Please let me leave early today.”
「綴り(スペル)が違っています。」
=tsuzuri (or superu) ga chigatte imasu.
= “The spelling is wrong.”

「綴り(スペル)を教えて下さい。」
=Tsuzuri (or superu) wo oshiete kudasai.)
= “Please tell me how to spell ~.”

「綴り(スペル)はどう書けばいいですか?」
=tsuzuri (or superu) wa dou kakeba (would one write [hypothetical]) ii desu ka?
= “How do you spell ~?”
「〜はどういう意味ですか?」
=~ wa douiu imi (meaning) desu ka?
= 〜はどういう意味か、教えて頂けますでしょうか? more polite

=~ wa douiu imi ka oshiete itadakemasu de shouka?
= “What does ~ mean?” (“Could you tell me the meaning of ~, please?”)

「〜の意味を教えて下さい。」
=~ no imi wo oshiete kudasai.
= 〜の意味を教えて頂けますでしょうか? more polite

=~no imi wo oshiete itadakemasu de shouka?

“Please give me the meaning of ~. ” (“Could you~ tell me the meaning of ~, please?”)
「〜について教えて下さい。」
=~ni tsuite oshiete kudasai.
•〜について教えて頂けますでしょうか?)more polite

=~ni tsuite oshiete itadakemasu deshouka?

“Please teach me about ~” (“Could you~”)

「今週の宿題は何ですか?」
=Konshuu no shukudai wa nan desu ka?
=“What is this week homework?”

「どこからどこまでが宿題でしょうか?
=Dokokara dokomade ga shukudai de shou ka?
= “From where to where is our homework?

「すみません。宿題を忘れました。」
=Sumimasen. Shukudai wo wasure mashita.
= “Excuse me. I forgot my homework.”

「ノートを忘れました。」
=Nouto wo wasure mashita.
= “I left /forgot my note book”
「先生、質問があります。」
=Sensei, shitsumon ga arimasu
= “Mr. /Ms. ~, I have a question! “

「質問してもいいですか?」
=Shitumon shitemo iidesu ka?
= “Can I ask you a question? “

「質問してもよろしいでしょうか?」
=Shitsumon shitemo yoroshii deshou ka?
= “May I ask you a question?”

「発音をもう一度教えて下さい。」
=Hatsuon wo mou ichido oshiete kudasai.
= “Please teach me/us the pronunciation again.”

「〜の意味がよくわかりません。」
=~ no imi ga wakarimasen.
= “I don’t understand the meaning of ~ “

「すみません。全くわかりません。もう一度教えて頂けますか?」
=Sumimasen,. Mattaku wakarimasen. Mou ichido oshiete itadakemasu ka?

=”Excuse me. I don’t understand at all. Could you teach me again?”
:maggie-small:
:maggie-small:
says in the picture above:

「何か文句ありますか?」
(=Nanka (or Nanika) monku arimasu ka?)
“Any objection?” “Any complaints?” ” Do you have something to say?”

文句(=monku) complaints
Ex. 文句がある。(=Monku ga aru.) I have a bone to pick.

Ex. 彼女はいつも文句ばかり言っている。(=Kanojo wa itsumo monku bakari itte iru.)
She is always complaining (bitching).